I wonder how much longer "historians" will claim that FDR didn't know that the so-called "surprise" attack was coming. FDR did not only sacrifice thousands of soldiers at Pearl Harbor, he also brought about the capture of 85,000 US soldiers in the Phillipines because he gave practically all US tanks and planes manufactured in prewar years to the British . It's an absolute fact that FDR provoked Pearl Harbor by: 1) Ordering the Japanese government to remove their troops from Manchuria; 2) Imposing an oil embargo on resourceless Japan; 3) Freezing Japan's economic assets in the U.S.; and 4) moving the entire Pacific Fleet from California to Hawaii. Author of "The Day Of Deceit", Robert B. Stinnett. The book quoted above has received a lot of praise from historians, yet, there is no outrage in the media. "Stinnett provides overwhelming evidence that FDR and his top advisors knew that the Japanese warships were heading towards Hawaii. The heart of this argument is even more inflammatory: Stinnett argues that FDR, who desired to sway public opinion in support of U.S. entry into WWII, instigated a policy intended to provoke a Japanese attack....If Stinnett is right, FDR has a lot to answer for- namely, the lives of those Americans who perished at Pearl harbor, Stinnett establishes almost beyond question that the U.S. Navy could have at least anticipated the attack." -Publishers Weekly (starred review) Here is an interesting timeline showing how FDR led America slow into war. Keep in mind that the Pearl Harbor attack took place at December 7, 1941. Yet, FDR was doing everything he could to provoke both Germany and Japan before that date. Pay attention to the events, that took place before the Pearl Harbor attack. http://www.worldwar-2.net/timelines/the-americas/the-americas-index-1941.htm After Roosevelt had pushed the Japanese against the wall with the oil embargo and the other provocations, the Japanese reaction was assured. Roosevelt had already started an undeclared war against Germany with Lend-Lease, the establishment of military bases in Iceland and reporting the locations of German warships to Churchill. By December 7-11 Hitler was well aware that he was at war with the U.S.A.... The Japanese were rather brutal with the Chinese, but in hindsight it would have been a lot better to allow them to control China than Mao Tse Tung, who killed tens of millions. Once again, as in eastern and central Europe, an Allied victory meant death or misery for huge numbers of people.