The Income Tax Turns 100 :-(

Discussion in 'Politics' started by pspr, Apr 14, 2013.

  1. pspr


    Maybe it's a measure of progressives' refusal to look back, to always move "forward." Otherwise, they should be celebrating right now.

    In fact, President Obama and fellow modern progressives/liberals should be ecstatic all this year, rejoicing over the centenary of something so fundamental to their ideology, to their core goals of government, to their sense of economic and social justice — to what Obama once called "redistributive change."

    And what is this celebratory thing to the progressive mind?

    It is the progressive income tax. This year it turns 100. Its permanent establishment was set forth in two historic moments: 1) an amendment to the Constitution (the 16th Amendment), ratified February 3, 1913; and 2) its signing into law by the progressive's progressive, President Wilson, October 3, 1913.

    It was a major political victory for Wilson and fellow progressives then and still today.

    By my math, that ought to mean a long, sustained party by today's progressives, a period of extended thanksgiving.

    Obama once charged that "tax cuts for the wealthy" are the Republicans' "Holy Grail." Tax cuts form "their central economic doctrine." Well, the federal income tax is the Democrats' Holy Grail. For progressives/liberals, it forms their central economic doctrine.

    As merely one illustration among many I could give, former DNC head Howard Dean and MSNBC host Lawrence O'Donnell were recently inveighing against Republican tax cuts.

    Dean extolled "what an increase in the top tax rate actually does." He insisted: "That's what governments do — is redistribute. The argument is not whether they should redistribute or not, the question is how much we should redistribute ... . The purpose of government is to make sure that capitalism works for everybody . ... It's government's job to redistribute."

    What Dean said is, in a few lines, a cornerstone of the modern progressive manifesto.

    For Dean and Obama and allies, a federal income tax based on graduated or progressive rates embodies and enables government's primary "job" and "purpose." They embrace a progressive tax for the chief intention of wealth redistribution, which, in turn, allows for income leveling, income "equality," and for government to do the myriad things that progressives ever-increasingly want government to do.

    And so, in 1913, progressives struck gold.

    The notion of taxing income wasn't entirely new. Such taxes existed before, albeit temporarily, at very small levels, and for national emergencies like war. The idea of a permanent tax for permanent income redistribution broke new ground. The only debate was the exact percentage of the tax. In no time, progressives learned they could never get enough.

    In 1913, when the progressive income tax began, the top rate was a mere 7%, applied only to the fabulously wealthy (incomes above $500,000). By the time Wilson left office in 1921, the great progressive had hiked the upper rate to 73%. World War I (for America, 1917-18) gave Wilson a short-term justification, but so did his passion for a robust "administrative state."

    Disagreeing with Wilson were the GOP administrations of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge, his immediate successors. Along with their Treasury secretary, Andrew Mellon, they reduced the upper rate, eventually bringing it down to 25% by 1925. In response, the total revenue to the federal Treasury increased significantly, from $700 million to $1 billion, and the budget was repeatedly in surplus.

    Unfortunately, the rate began increasing under Herbert Hoover, who jacked the top rate to 63%. It soon skyrocketed to 94% under another legendary progressive, FDR, who, amazingly, once considered a top rate of 99.5% on income above $100,000 (yes, you read that right).

    Appalled by this was an actor named Ronald Reagan, himself a progressive Democrat — though not much longer. Reagan often noted that Karl Marx, in his Communist Manifesto (1848), demanded a permanent "heavy progressive or graduated income tax." Indeed, it's point 2 in Marx's 10-point program, second only to his call for "abolition of property."

    The upper tax rate wasn't reduced substantially until 1965, when it came down to 70%. Alas, President Reagan took it down to 28%.

    And despite claims to the contrary, federal revenues under Reagan increased (as they did in the 1920s), rising from $600 billion to nearly $1 trillion. (The Reagan deficits were caused by excessive spending and decreased revenue from the 1981-83 recession.)

    The top rate rose again (to 31%) under George H.W. Bush and under Bill Clinton (39.6%). George W. Bush cut it to 35%. Barack Obama has returned it to the Clinton level of 39.6%.

    Here in 2013, 100 years henceforth, the wealthiest Americans — the top 10% of which already pay over 70% of federal tax revenue — will be paying more in taxes this year than any time in the last 30 years.

    For progressives, this is justice. But it is also bittersweet: As progressives know deep inside, it still isn't enough. For them, it's never enough.

    To that end, my enduring question for progressives is one they typically avoid answering, especially those holding elected office: In your perfect world, where, exactly, would you position the top rate? I routinely hear numbers in the 50%-70%-plus range.

    Democrats such Obama complain about Republican intransigence in raising tax rates but, truth be told — and as any liberal really knows — if not for Republican resistance, progressives would rarely, if ever, cut taxes.

    America would remain on a one-way upward trajectory in tax rates, just like under Woodrow Wilson and FDR, and just as it has been in its unrestrained spending for nearly 50 years.

    Like their refusal to cut spending (other than on defense), progressives are dragged kicking and screaming into tax cuts.

    They need high income taxes for the government planning and redistributing they want to do; for Obama's sense of redistributive justice.

    This year, the progressive income tax turns 100. For progressives, getting it implemented was a huge triumph. Their success in making it a permanent part of the American landscape is a more stunning achievement still.

    • Kengor is professor of political science and executive director of the Center for Vision & Values at Grove City College. He is author of the new book "The Communist: Frank Marshall Davis, The Untold Story of Barack Obama's Mentor." His other books include "The Crusader: Ronald Reagan and the Fall of Communism" and "Dupes: How America's Adversaries Have Manipulated Progressives for a Century."
  2. He got one thing wrong. "Resdistributive justice" is just a pretext. The real goal is taxing republican constituencies and paying off democrat ones.
  3. Lucrum


  4. jem


    The odd thing is that the republicans allow the argument.
    Since tax revenues go up after tax decreases and the presidents own advisor Romer has a well respected paper showing tax increases destroy gdp...

    tax increases do not even reward the dems constituents financially.
    they just take money out of govt coffers. This has even been showing recently in our states and over in England.

    So tax increases are simply a jealous bomb designed to make some americans worse off... so they can not save as much capital.
    So they can not compete with the the democrats cronies.

    The income tax at these levels are just really a cynical disgusting and anti american plan.

    Its time to eliminate the individual income tax.
  5. RedDuke


    Be mindful of what you wish for. A society needs needs some social safety mechanism (ssi, unemployment), they act as a valve in steam engine, plus police/firefighters and so on. Then comes research with its "byproducts" used by all of us, space exploration and so on. The list is long.

    It's impossible to have the above without any income tax unfortunately.
  6. Tsing Tao

    Tsing Tao

    No it's not. Put in a consumption tax. Give everyone their income.

    You can even still tax Social Security, just get rid of the FICA.
  7. Lucrum


  8. jem


    the govt still raises trillions.
    most of the income tax just goes to paying off the debt.

    lets make a one time cash payout on the bonds and end the personal income tax...

    if we cap increases in spending... and cease creating debt...

    we will have a balanced budget within a few years... as the economy inflates and revenues will then match up with the capped spending...(do to increased nominal revenues due to the inflated dollar.) Now if you wanted to make the corporate tax useful to raise some revenue and keep jobs at home at the same time....

    We could have a great country again. Where people have money and jobs.