Yet another example of how human nature never changesâ¦ âTraditional English liberalism has rested on a fairly simple concept of liberty ânamely, that of freedom from the constraints of the state. In Hobbesâs memorable phrase, 'The liberties of subjects depend on the silence of the law.' In general, however, English liberals have always been careful not to press this notion to anarchist extremes. They have regarded the state as a necessary institution, ensuring order and law at home, defense against foreign powers, and security of possessions âthe three principles Locke summarized as âlife, liberty and property.â English liberals have also maintained that the law can be used to extend the liberties of subjects insofar as the law is made to curb and limit the activities of the executive government." âThe traditional form of English political liberalism naturally went hand in hand with the classical economic doctrine of laissez-faire. Toward the end of the nineteenth century, however, certain radical movements and certain English liberal theorists, such as Matthew Arnold and T.H. Green, developed, partly under foreign, left-wing influences, a different âas they claimed, a broader-- concept of freedom, which was, to a large extent, to prove more popular in the twentieth century than traditional English liberalism with its economic gospel of laissez-faire. The central aim of this new school was utilitarian ânamely, freeing men from misery and ignorance. Its exponents believed that the state must be the instrument by which this end was to be achieved. Hence, English liberal opinion entered the twentieth century in a highly paradoxical condition, urging, on the one hand, a freedom which was understood as freedom from the constraints of the state and, in the other, an enlargement of the stateâs power and control in order to liberate the poor from the oppressive burdens of poverty. In the political sphere this contradiction in the liberal ideology ended in the disintegration of the British Liberal party.â --pg 458, The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Volumes 3 & 4, Paul Edwards, Editor in Chief; Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. & The Free Press, New York; Collier Macmillan Publishers, London; 1967.