They needed to push the factory only like 100 km to the East, and they get cheap labor, proximity to a shipping port, and still having the German engineers nearby. Instead of that: https://www.businessinsider.com/tesla-gigafactory-berlin-union-battle-ig-metall-2021-4 "Tesla ignored a letter from IG Metall inviting a dialogue last year. And it went to great lengths to pacify disgruntled union members at Tesla Grohmann Automation, an engineering firm it acquired in 2016, without entering the industry's collective agreement. Instead, the carmaker fended off a strike by giving workers a deal that was comparable to the industry-wide wage (plus stock options). It could try to pull the same play at Gigafactory Berlin. The stakes are high for IG Metal But IG Metall likely wants to avoid that scenario at all costs, Stephen Silvia, a professor at American University whose research focuses on comparative labor relations, told Insider. Allowing a massive non-union plant to build cars in Germany would set the dangerous precedent that companies don't need to engage in collective bargaining, he said. It would also mean thousands of members would potentially go without the contractually enforced job security, wages, and benefits the rest of the industry enjoys. "