Is There a Bull Market in "FRONT RUNNING"?

Discussion in 'Wall St. News' started by fxpeculator, Aug 4, 2005.

Is there currently a bull market in front running clients?

  1. Yes, I am seeing a front running story hit the wires weekly now

    7 vote(s)
  2. Dude, I trade 1 ES contract, who cares

    5 vote(s)
  3. Hey, if I was soaked into the game at a firm, I would front run too, there is a "Hedging" grey area

    3 vote(s)
  4. Do not believe front running is widespread, then again, I don't read the news a lot and don't do a

    0 vote(s)
  5. What Front Running, this is a myth!

    2 vote(s)
  1. Is There a Bull Market in "FRONT RUNNING"?

    Aug 2005 04:00 ET WSJ(8/4) NYSE Probes Firms For Possible Improper Trading

    By Aaron Lucchetti
    The New York Stock Exchange's regulatory unit is considering enforcement actions against brokerage firms that may have harmed investors by trading on knowledge of their plans to buy and sell stock.

    "We're in the process of evaluating" some trades that raise questions about whether Wall Street firms used their knowledge of certain types of orders to make money at the expense of their customers, said Robert Marchman, executive vice president of market surveillance at the NYSE. He declined to name the firms, but said that some trades were "under review" for referral to the exchange's enforcement division. The exchange has looked at trading practices at more than 10 large Wall Street firms.

    Regulators' scrutiny comes as some Wall Street firms generate more profits from proprietary trading. The NYSE also took the unusual step of reminding brokerage firms in a letter Monday of their obligations to disclose their practices and protect customer interests when trading stocks that customers also want to buy or sell.

    The letter lays out the firms' duties when handling increasingly popular Volume Weighted Average Price, or VWAP trades, in which mutual funds and other investors place orders to buy or sell shares over a specified period for a price pegged to the average, as well as situations in which a brokerage firm submits a so-called blind bid in response to a customer's request, without knowing all the details of the trade.

    The NYSE letter is intended to express the exchange's concerns before the issue becomes "a major problem for the investing public," Mr. Marchman said. The National Association of Securities Dealers and the Securities and Exchange Commission are also looking at these types of trades. Lawyers at Wall Street firms have been requesting guidance on when it is acceptable to trade, said Stephen Luparello, the NASD's executive vice president for market regulation.

    The NYSE review began in March 2004 after the United Kingdom's Financial Services Authority fined Deutsche Bank AG's Morgan Grenfell securities unit for conducting trades that the FSA found had harmed a client by pushing the price of a stock up before the client could execute its order to buy. The client had requested a blind bid, and Morgan Grenfell was able to figure out some of the securities that were involved.

    Deutsche Bank said in December that it "takes its obligations to its customers very seriously and therefore regrets the misunderstanding with an experienced institutional customer."

    Some Wall Street firms point out that trading in front of client program orders can be a legitimate form of hedging. In one example, if a brokerage firm knows it is going to sell a large block of stock to a fund manager at the end of the trading day, it makes sense that the brokerage firm would buy shares for its own inventory to have enough shares to sell to the client.

    The tricky part is that buying in anticipation of a customer trade can push the price up, something that the NYSE says should be disclosed to investors. Some firms such as UBS AG say they don't trade in front of blind bids, in which clients may tip their hand about their intentions. Others such as Goldman Sachs Group Inc. and Deutsche Bank have said that they may trade on such information, but the practice helps them offer customers better trading prices.

    A Goldman spokesman said yesterday that the firm won't trade in such a way if a client instructs it not to. He added that the recommended approach in the NYSE letter "largely reflects our practices."

    Some money-management firms such as Barclays Global Investors have warned brokers not to trade on information they provide about their plans. The NYSE's letter was "sorely needed," said Michael Sobel, head of U.S. stock trading at Barclays Global. It reminds a brokerage firm that it has "an obligation to put customer interests ahead of its own pecuniary considerations."

    VWAP trades have grown in popularity because they allow fund managers to buy or sell at prices that look reasonable, at least on average. Investors who place such orders, however, run the risk that the Wall Street firms will have minutes or hours to trade in a way that pushes the average price around to their detriment.

    (END) Dow Jones Newswires

    August 04, 2005 04:00 ET (08:00 GMT)

    Copyright (c) 2005 Dow Jones & Company, Inc.
  2. mhashe


    For all their high powered technology and brains, Front running their customers is still the only way these bitches can make reliable sums of money. We're in the wrong business trying to actually trade the markets. The real money is made in selling information/systems, useless analyst reports, brokerage and front running. Sometimes I wonder why I bother with risk when there are so many other options to mine the markets.
  3. logikos


    It's because you want to maintain your INTEGRITY.
  4. NYSE review?

    I'm guessing there is less and less info to front run for the NYSE parasites hence they have to start cracking down on the smaller guys.
  5. Posts: 246

    06-06-05 07:40 AM,,SB...page_one_us

    Sensitive Boundaries
    Goldman Faces New Tensions
    In Trading, Serving Hedge Funds

    Salesmen Both Advised Clients
    Of Firm and Influenced
    Its Own Bets on Market
    Word of a Stock Sale Leaks
    Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL
    June 6, 2005; Page A1

    LONDON -- One day two years ago, as Goldman Sachs Group was readying a sale of millions of shares held by German industrial giant Siemens AG's pension arm, the stock started falling, suggesting that word of the deal had leaked. Early word of it would have given an investor valuable information that the stock was about to face downward pressure.

    When Goldman investigated, it found that a managing director in its London office had tipped off an important hedge-fund client of the firm. While it didn't appear the tip had caused the stock's fall, Goldman fired the managing director.

    The incident opened a window on new tensions inside investment banks as their business models shift. When stock markets are flush, as in the 1990s, big securities firms like Goldman rake in cash by underwriting numerous new stock offerings for corporate clients and collecting commissions from stock investors. The bursting of the stock-market bubble in 2000 hurt both of those traditional mainstays. Goldman and its rivals have since looked increasingly to other activities that could still offer rich profits.

    One of these is playing the markets with their own money, known as proprietary trading. Another is serving the one set of clients that still provides lush trading commissions: hedge funds, or lightly regulated investment pools for institutions and the rich. In the increasing focus on these lines, new possibilities for conflicts of interest arise. The tensions are well illustrated at Goldman's stock-trading operation in London, which has been aggressive in pursuit of these activities.

    Goldman hasn't drawn any regulatory flak for its practices here. But in some cases it has faced questions about its practices from within its own ranks. It also has discontinued some of them. Goldman says employee concerns weren't the reason, while adding that it always investigates such concerns.

    A look at the London stock operation shows how the big securities firm has periodically reassessed its practices as it seeks to find the proper boundaries. "Changing market dynamics bring new challenges," says a Goldman spokesman, "and we are particularly mindful of the way in which we conduct business."

    In 2002, the London office set up a small group of stock traders, taking proprietary positions, who sat near the salesmen and traders who handled transactions for clients. Many securities firms physically isolate their proprietary traders, to make sure they don't overhear clients' orders and take unfair advantage of the information.

    Goldman, for a time, also gave this set of traders access to a computer system that showed client buy orders and sell orders. (Client names were usually omitted.) No rules bar such access. But some former Goldman traders and salesmen say this practice posed a risk that the traders would be tempted to jump in with their own orders ahead of clients. That could put the investment bank in the position of profiting from trades that in turn drive up the cost paid by clients.

    "It's only logical that banks would use information they glean from clients such as trading support their own proprietary-trading activities," says Richard Kramer, a former top-ranked Goldman analyst now at Arete Research in London. Indeed, he says, "we think proprietary trading could be the next scandal" in financial services.

    In another move, Goldman allowed stock salesmen who gave investment ideas to an important hedge-fund client to contribute some of the same ideas to Goldman traders taking proprietary positions. Here, one concern was that Goldman and the hedge fund could benefit at the expense of less-favored clients who might be pitched these same ideas later.

    In later discontinuing these practices, Goldman says it found no evidence its traders had acted improperly. It also said its reason for putting traders who took proprietary positions adjacent to salesmen wasn't to overhear client orders.

    For hedge funds, Goldman and other major securities firms offer a wide array of services: executing hedge funds' many trades; lending them money; lending them shares to "short" when they want to bet on a stock to fall; sometimes investing in the funds; and providing them with research and investment ideas for sometimes-complex trades.

    Wall Street and hedge funds "are feeding off each other -- the broker-dealer needs the order flow from the hedge fund and the hedge fund needs the information," says Matthew Nestor, a former Massachusetts securities regulator. Goldman got more than a third of its stock revenue last year by doing business with hedge funds, according to a Merrill Lynch & Co. analyst's estimate. Goldman has no comment on that.

    At the forefront in nurturing Goldman's ties to hedge funds in London is Phillip Hylander, chief of its European stock-products group and head trader in Europe.

    Until Mr. Hylander arrived at the London office in 2002, its top traders -- the people who actually execute trades -- shied away from speaking to clients during market hours. Client interaction was left to stock salespeople.

    Direct trader-client contact is risky, says Gary Williams, who was Goldman's European stock-trading chief until the end of 2001. The reason is that each side often has information the other would like to know, but some of this may be confidential, such as how a competitor's deal is faring or insight into the placing of a block of stock. "Head traders are privy to information that neither clients nor those speaking to clients should know," Mr. Williams says.

    But one of Mr. Hylander's strengths when Goldman hired him as a trading executive was his close relationships with hedge funds. Colleagues say they often heard him on the trading floor chatting with clients, using his cellphone. And after the botched 2003 stock sale for Siemens, Goldman investigated whether Mr. Hylander might have used his cellphone to tip a client to the impending sale. It concluded he hadn't.

    Goldman says it's no longer out of the ordinary for traders, at Goldman or elsewhere, to talk to investment clients. "Our clients want to talk to traders to get a sense of the market," says J. Michael Evans, co-head of Goldman's global securities division. Mr. Hylander, for his part, says he talks to clients because "they demand it. It would be a mark against you if you didn't."

    Mr. Hylander, 36 years old, was behind some of the proprietary-trading initiatives, such as setting up a small group of traders who sat on the mammoth stock-trading floor and made bets with the firm's own money. He encouraged stock salesmen to tell the proprietary traders if they had gleaned "useful information" from dealing with clients, according to three people familiar with the situation.

    Asked about this, Mr. Hylander said, "There is a very pure reason for people to talk to each other, and that was the context for this remark." A Goldman spokesman, Lucas van Praag, elaborated, saying, "An important component of every broking business is open debate about investment ideas...internally with colleagues and externally with clients.... Needless to say, this sharing of information does not include anything price-sensitive or otherwise inappropriate."

    This group of traders was known as the Risk Unit. Mr. Hylander says it had been set up not just to do proprietary trading but primarily to "manage franchise risk," and for that reason it needed access to client orders.

    Still, the firm took away the Risk Unit's access to client orders in October 2003, a year after giving it access. Goldman did so to "avoid any perception of impropriety," its spokesman says. Several months later, in 2004, it closed the Risk Unit altogether. Mr. Evans says this was because "it wasn't making money."

    Mr. Hylander also gave salesmen -- the people who pitch investment ideas to clients -- a say in investing a small amount of Goldman's own money. They could contribute ideas to proprietary-trading portfolios that bore their initials.

    'I Just Tipped It'

    One of Mr. Hylander's client relationships was with a London hedge fund called Marshall Wace Asset Management. Colleagues tell of hearing him chatting on the trading floor with a founder of the fund, Ian Wace. Mr. Hylander and Mr. Wace, through spokesmen, describe their conversations as infrequent.

  6. Mr. Hylander set up one proprietary portfolio that traded in some of the stocks Goldman salesmen had recommended to Marshall Wace. The portfolio was called MW TIPS. After making a recommendation to the fund, a Goldman salesman would sometimes tell a proprietary trader what the recommendation was, saying, "I just tipped it," according to people familiar with the situation.

    An arrangement like this can disadvantage other investors, says John Wheeler, head trader at the American Century mutual-fund family. "Any time someone you rely on to provide investment advice contributes to [proprietary] investments in similar securities, there is an inherent conflict," he says. One risk is that the firm would later promote the same stocks to less-favored clients -- whose subsequent buying would boost the value of holdings for the securities firm or its favored hedge-fund client.

    Mr. van Praag, the Goldman spokesman, says the firm didn't "sequence our sales ideas" to favor any one client, such as Marshall Wace. He says Goldman required traders who'd been told of a recommendation to Marshall Wace to wait 30 minutes before making a trade for Goldman's account in the same security. One reason was to give clients time to act on the trading idea first.

    He adds that there was no direct correlation, in either timing or the direction of trades, between ideas recommended to Marshall Wace and trades made in the MW TIPS proprietary portfolio. Indeed, the Goldman spokesman says in an email, at times a Goldman "salesman might have suggested MW buy the stock [and] our traders might have shorted it."

    A spokesman for Marshall Wace says it "does not and cannot prevent or monitor securities firms trading on their own ideas."

    One Goldman trader, Boris Pilichowski, complained of being uncomfortable trading for the MW TIPS account, say people familiar with the matter. Besides sharing the concern Mr. Wheeler describes, Mr. Pilichowski had an additional one: That some trades might be based on information about other clients' intentions. He suggested that ideas from salesmen be sent to traders electronically, creating a record of where they originated and forcing salesmen to be sensitive to any possible impropriety.

    Mr. Hylander raised the trader's concerns with compliance officials. Goldman says it looked into them and found no evidence of any abuses. It also says it assured Mr. Pilichowski, who moved to Morgan Stanley this year, that he had total discretion about whether to do trades proposed by the stock salesmen.

    Goldman didn't adopt his suggestion about sending ideas electronically. It disbanded the MW TIPS account in May 2004. One reason was a new United Kingdom rule that said ideas from salesmen could potentially be viewed as research, which securities firms generally can't trade on until it's published.

    Another Goldman trader raised concerns about how the firm behaved when approached by an institutional client that wanted to buy or sell a basket of stocks. Such a client will often ask firms to bid to handle the deal, without naming the stocks or saying whether it wants to buy or sell. But securities firms can often guess, based on their knowledge of the client and on questions the client asks about a particular sector. The securities firms then sometimes quickly start loading up on -- or dumping -- the stock. The practice is known as "pre-hedging."

    Goldman sometimes pre-hedges. It says it doesn't do so if clients object.

    Last year, according to people familiar with the situation, Goldman trader Geoffroy Houlot told Mr. Hylander he thought pre-hedging hurt clients, because it could move stocks' prices before clients' trades took place. Goldman says Mr. Hylander raised Mr. Houlot's concerns with the compliance department, which found no impropriety. Mr. Houlot left to rejoin his old firm, Morgan Stanley, last year.

    Following questions this year from The Wall Street Journal, Goldman retained a law firm to review activities of its London stock group. The law firm, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, declines to comment.

    Sale for Siemens

    The loudest internal complaints concerned the stock sale for Siemens on March 18, 2003. Siemens had decided to sell 36 million shares its pension arm held in a firm called Infineon Technologies. Goldman's role was to buy the Infineon stock from Siemens in a block, unloading it to other investors later.

    That morning, the two sides discussed a possible price in a moving market. But shortly before 3 p.m., with the sale approaching, Infineon shares started to slide. On the Deutsche Börse's electronic Xetra exchange, they traded around €7.55 at 2:52 p.m. By 3:39 p.m., when the sale was announced, they were down 5% to €7.15. The result: Siemens got several million dollars less than it had expected. Goldman itself lost millions of dollars, because after it had become the owner of the shares, they continued to decline.

    Goldman later said in a regulatory filing that a managing director of the firm named Andrea Casati had alerted a client about the imminent offering. "We reviewed people's taped lines and discovered that he had shared this information with a client just before the trade was launched," says Goldman's Mr. Evans.

    Yet he adds that the "conversation didn't seem to have had any effect on the price" of Infineon's stock. That left the cause of the drop still unknown. Goldman told regulators that the tip occurred less than two minutes before the Infineon sale, and that the client said it hadn't acted on the tip. The client, hedge fund GLG Partners, declines to comment.

    Goldman discharged Mr. Casati, a top-producing stock salesman, for violating policy. It reported the matter to the U.K.'s Financial Services Authority and other regulators. Mr. Casati, now at UBS AG, declined several requests for comment on Goldman's account.

    Cellphone Logs

    Goldman says it investigated all involved in the trade, including Mr. Hylander, the top trader who often used a cellphone on the floor. A Goldman executive says there was "whispering, rumors of people pointing fingers at a number of people, including Phil, over this trade." The executive says the firm sifted through cellphone logs and other records and found "absolutely nothing" to suggest Mr. Hylander behaved improperly.

    Mr. Hylander says that on the day of the Siemens deal he used his cellphone to talk to his senior management, not to clients. He and a Goldman spokesman say Mr. Hylander, far from tipping off an outsider who could profit from knowledge of the sale, urged that the sale be aborted when Infineon shares started falling.

    The internal inquiry couldn't delve into stock-exchange records that would have pointed to who was selling Infineon shares at the time in question. Only regulators have access to such records.

    One Goldman executive questioned whether the firm really did a thorough probe. Christian Meissner, concerned about Siemens's unhappiness with the stock sale, pushed for a fuller inquiry, says someone familiar with the matter. This person says Mr. Meissner -- then co-head of European stock capital markets for Goldman and now working at Lehman Brothers -- pressed Goldman's compliance department to examine cellphone records more carefully. The person says Goldman lawyers rebuffed Mr. Meissner and told him to let the matter go.

    A Goldman executive acknowledges telling people inside the firm to "let it go," adding that "there was a lot of whispering and gossiping that I thought was destabilizing." The executive says the firm did a complete investigation, including a full look at mobile-phone records.

    Actually, Goldman had a policy barring traders from using mobile phones to talk business with clients. Many firms encourage use of land lines, since their calls can be taped. After its inquiry, Goldman reiterated its policy against using mobile phones on the trading floor to talk business with clients. Later, it barred all use of mobile phones on the trading floor.

    Mr. Hylander says he has a duty to lead by example, and is following the newest mobile-phone policy. Without that ban, he says, "we were putting ourselves in a place that we didn't want to be.",,SB...page_one_us
  7. Fidelity Tech Trader Leaves Firm
    Amid 'Front-Running' Inquiry

    Staff Reporters of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL
    March 25, 2005; Page C3

    A senior Fidelity Investments trader left the company this week after an internal inquiry discovered purchases of a stock in his mother's personal account before Fidelity executed orders to buy the same security, according to people familiar with the matter.

    Under securities laws, money managers and traders are forbidden from making a personal profit from their inside market knowledge of what their company is buying or selling, or from passing along that information to others. Using that advance knowledge to trade -- a practice often called "trading ahead" or "front running" -- can be valuable, because a stock often rises sharply when a big fund company buys it. Yesterday the extent of the trading wasn't known, and it wasn't clear who, if anyone, benefited from it. Regulators are investigating the trading, according to people familiar with the matter.

    The discovery comes as both the Securities and Exchange Commission and the National Association of Securities Dealers are probing whether Fidelity traders improperly accepted gifts from brokers doing business with the Boston-based company, which is the nation's largest manager of mutual funds in terms of assets. Following the disclosure, government investigators are taking their Fidelity inquiry beyond the improper receipt of gifts to potentially improper personal trading, according to people familiar with the matter. Since December, four traders have left Fidelity, and 14 other employees have been disciplined as a result of the gift inquiry.

    As part of its response to that inquiry, Fidelity turned over information to regulators about purchases of one technology stock in the account of the mother of David K. Donovan, who led the group that buys and sells technology stocks at Fidelity, according to people familiar with the matter. The information concerns purchases that occurred before Fidelity purchased the same stock for its own funds, these people said.

    Fidelity confirmed on Wednesday that Mr. Donovan left the company. But both Wednesday and yesterday, Anne Crowley, a Fidelity spokeswoman, declined to say why, citing employee confidentiality. People familiar with the matter said Fidelity asked Mr. Donovan, 42 years old, who has worked at the company since 1992, to leave.

    Mr. Donovan's attorney, Raipher D. Pellegrino, declined to comment on the reason for his client's departure. "I can tell you we're working out issues of separation," he said. Neither Mr. Donovan's mother nor her attorney returned phone calls.

    Ms. Crowley said Fidelity, like other fund firms, has a code of ethics that severely restricts personal trading, especially for investment professionals, such as mutual-fund managers and traders. Among other things, investment professionals generally must keep personal accounts at Fidelity so they can be monitored, and refrain from trades in securities around the time funds are buying and selling. If Fidelity finds any violations of the company's code, "we take disciplinary action up to and including dismissal," she said.

    Securities lawyers said mutual-fund company codes of conduct, which the government requires, don't usually mandate that top investment employees report trades in accounts outside their immediate household, unless they held some kind of personal stake.

    In the case of a family member, the government, in order to show any kind of securities-law violation, would have to show that the trader either communicated with the family member or had discretion to trade in the account, said Howard Schiffman, a former SEC trial attorney and now a Washington securities lawyer.

    Mr. Schiffman, while not commenting on the Fidelity case, said the SEC generally would pursue the matter as a civil violation, seeking a fine and disgorgement of profits. Tamar Frankel, a Boston University law professor, said family members would face SEC penalties only if they knew they were receiving inside market information.
  8. vega


    Didn't read the whole story -- but is anyone really shocked by any of this ??? Just because a lot of the folks at Solly and Goldman went to Ivy league schools doesn't mean that they are sooooooo much smarter than the rest of us that they can outsmart us on the direction of a particular security based on technicals or the fundamentals-- they make money primarily because they know where a stock is going BECAUSE they know that there's a big order coming in one way or another. I used to be a floor trader on the CBOE, and 10 years ago almost all the business was done on the floor, now the only stuff left to go down to the floor is the crap that the upstairs guys don't want. It's all about information, and if u think otherwise u just don't get it.
  9. toe


    i read that a trader doesn't even have to know that a big order has been placed at their firm in order to front run. especially if vwap orders and the like are placed via an algorithm then all the trader needs to know is how the algorithm works and it may be possible for them to determine when a big order is being executed, by viewing the sales .