livermore use to trade off a ticker. in 99, direct access was enough to have an execution edge. scalping has always been about executions. without proper executions, risk management means nothing, and that will not change. i think most traders have been aware that automation is on the rise. But if you're joe scalper, its probably been a rough ride figuring out how to automate your trading. the costs of hiring a programmer are prohibitive for most, and an ever changing environment day to day and month to month make for little flexibility in a black box. in the past 3 months a few shops i've contacted have been exploring automating parts of their executions, because lets face it, things are getting faster. if you don't see this, then either you don't scalp/have a longer time frame, have a working gimmick/edge, or you're completely new. grey boxing executions is on the rise, but automating a complete strategy/risk management plan is a different story. and thats where the discretionary side of man meets machine. i just cannot conceive of how anyone could possibly fail to understand this concept: that things are getting faster, slippage is higher in most manual executions, and that seeking automation to manage executions is on the up and up.