Excuse me, but does anybody else see the topic of fractal analysis applied to the markets as terminally stupid? I mean, what's fractal about it? It doesn't take much magnification to go from a practical scale of one day to the equally practical scale of one tick. And the landscape of the various scales intervening is hardly the same. A daily chart looks uniquely daily, and one second looks uniquely one second. Hence my epithet, "fructal". The only question is what fruit. A subject invented by academics for academics. As to time scale, on the one extreme you can't get inside a tick or a penny or much faster than a second. On the other extreme, only eight orders of magnitude longer in time and Wall Street will be under water.