EU fines Barclays, Citi, JP Morgan, MUFG and RBS $1.2 billion for FX rigging

Discussion in 'Wall St. News' started by ETJ, May 17, 2019.

  1. ETJ


    EU fines Barclays, Citi, JP Morgan, MUFG and RBS $1.2 billion for FX rigging

    Foo Yun Chee, Kirstin Ridley

    BRUSSELS/LONDON (Reuters) - Barclays, Citigroup, JP Morgan, MUFG and Royal Bank of Scotland were fined a combined 1.07 billion euros ($1.2 billion) by the European Union on Thursday for rigging the multi-trillion dollar foreign exchange market.
    Banks have been hit with billions of dollars in penalties worldwide over the last decade for the rigging of benchmarks used in many day-to-day financial transactions, further damaging the industry’s fragile reputation after the financial crisis.

    The European Commission said individual traders at the banks involved formed two cartels to manipulate the spot foreign exchange market for 11 currencies, including the dollar, the euro and the pound.

    “These cartel decisions send a clear message that the Commission will not tolerate collusive behavior in any sector of the financial markets,” European Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager said in a statement.

    Citigroup was hit with the highest fine of 311 million euros, while Swiss bank UBS was not fined as it had alerted the two cartels to the European Commission.

    The EU competition enforcer said most of the traders knew each other on a personal basis and set up chatrooms such as “Essex Express ‘n the Jimmy”, which was given this name because all of them except “James” lived in Essex, to the east of London, and met on their train commute to the British capital.

    The five-year investigation found nine traders spread across the banks exchanged sensitive information and trading plans in the chatrooms and occasionally co-ordinated trading strategies.

    “The traders, who were direct competitors, typically logged in to multilateral chatrooms ... and had extensive conversations about a variety of subjects, including recurring updates on their trading activities,” the Commission said in a statement.

    The “Essex Express” cartel, which also involved a chatroom called “Semi Grumpy Old Men”, ran between December 2009 and December 2012. The second cartel - called “Three Way Banana Split” and involving other chatrooms named “Two and a half men” and “Only Marge” - ran from December 2007 until January 2013.

    Information swapped by the traders in the chatrooms included details on their clients’ orders, the bid-ask spreads for specific transactions, their open risk positions and other details of current or planned trading activities.

    Occasionally the traders would co-ordinate trading activity, for example through a practice called ‘standing down’ whereby some of the group would temporarily stop trading to avoid interfering with others, the commission said.

    JP Morgan and RBS both said they were pleased to have settled the cases and that they had since made changes to their controls.

    JP Morgan said the fine related to the conduct of one former employee and RBS that it served as a reminder of how it had lost its way in the past.

    MUFG said it had also taken measures to prevent a re-occurrence.

    Barclays and Citigroup declined to comment.

    Slideshow (4 Images)
    The “Three Way Banana Split” cartel, made up of traders at UBS, Barclays, RBS, Citigroup and JP Morgan, was handed a fine totaling 811.2 million euros.

    The Essex Express group involving UBS, Barclays, RBS and MUFG, was fined a 257.7 million euro fine, with the fine against Barclays the largest for this cartel at 94.2 million euros.

    Allegations of widespread manipulation in the spot foreign exchange market were first reported in 2013 following the Libor scandal in 2012 where traders were found to have rigged the setting of interbank lending rates.

    U.S. and British authorities have since fined seven of the world’s top banks a total of around $10 billion for trying to manipulate foreign exchange rates.

    Meanwhile, U.S. prosecutors have charged a handful of former traders over forex rigging. Three former London-based currency traders were acquitted of all charges last October, although others await sentencing after convictions.

    The UK Serious Fraud Office (SFO), meanwhile, dropped its own forex investigation in 2016, saying there was insufficient evidence for a realistic prospect of conviction of individuals.

    Thursday’s EU fines have sounded a starting bell for investors considering suing banks over alleged forex-related losses in Europe.

    Litigators have long been hoping to replicate in Britain the success of U.S. class action claims against banks such as Goldman Sachs, HSBC and Barclays, that have yielded more than $2 billion for investors in settlements.

    Scott & Scott, a U.S. law firm that has set up shop in Britain after its success in the U.S., where it was lead counsel in the action against 15 banks, said it had been waiting for the European Commission penalties.

    “Our firm will be working to recoup losses suffered by non-U.S. pension funds, asset managers, insurance companies and multinational corporations, among others, as a result of the banks’ wrongdoing,” London-based partner Belinda Hollway said.

    Reporting by Foo Yun Chee, additional reporting by Sinead Cruise and Kirstin Ridley in London; writing by Rachel Armstrong; editing by Philip Blenkinsop and Alexander Smith

    Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.
    nooby_mcnoob and Nobert like this.
  2. gaussian


    I understand this is a moot point but:

    The FX market is incredibly important to global economic stability.

    1.2 billion is not enough. This should really be factored in as a percent of future assets over the time they fixed the market + N "recuperative" years. They should be in so much financial agony they will never do it again. Perhaps if we charged them 8 billion a year for 10 years they'd suffer. If these banks cannot afford it, start jailing bankers wholesale until the problem is resolved. Hell, charge them the yearly fine AND jail the every manager who so much as looked at this rigging project all the way up to the CEO.

    The system is rigged in their favor. Unfortunately what I said above will never happen because the banks own the politicians and the snakes who run our countries have no integrity.

    I don't understand how any retail spot FX trader wants to take part in the largest ponzi scheme on the planet. Especially in light of the what second? third? FX rigging incident in the last 3 decades?
  3. Nobert


    Which amount, would be fair in your opinion ?

    Which would be - too much & why ?

  4. gaussian


    An amount relative to their balance sheet to relatively cripple their business for a number of years. You can't jail companies (where jail is defined as some place where your life is "crippled" for X years), financially ruining them for a number of years seems like an equivalent punishment when paired with jailing the people directly involved for a decade. The punishments for these crimes should be extremely heavy handed especially after the 2007-2009 recession. These companies should be made examples of.
    Nobert likes this.

  5. But it's all rigged one way or the other.
    K-Rock likes this.
  6. Nobert


    If any of those, are on the list, as a priority , of whom would be , bailed out next time,
    then crippling them , might cause a worst case outcome , for the whole economy (?)

    Maybe names, of certain people, to make an example, would be a better way to go (?)
  7. zdreg


    Is victor neiderhoffer savoring this moment?
  8. I couldn't tell Ya
  9. Only jail time for the board etc. head on the snake.
  10. gaussian


    I look at the true solution like chemo. Yes, it is very dangerous. It hurts the host while it kills the cancer. But as long as we live, we come out ahead and sometimes even better than before. I don't pretend to understand the economic policies of an entire country. However, I feel like if you allow these kinds of antics to occur unchecked they will continue to jeopardize our economy and country. Eventually someone must fail and someone must be punished. So far, the only person in both those categories in the tax payer - the bankers escape unscathed once more.
    #10     May 17, 2019
    Nobert likes this.