Prof. Garth Nicolson and Mike Williams The Institute for Molecular Medicine, Huntington Beach, CA http://www.immed.org/ MAJ Sonnie Bates stood up to the U.S. Air Force when ordered to take the anthrax vaccine that is suppose to protect U.S. Armed Forces personnel against weaponized anthrax spores. The C-5 pilot with more than 14 years and over 3,200 flight hours in the Air Force was convinced that the Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program (AVIP) caused chronic health problems in 12 members of his Dover AFB squadron alone, including neurological problems, muscle and joint pain, severe headaches, sleep difficulties, memory loss, seizures, among other problems. This is a scenario that has been repeated around the world at U. S. bases where the AVIP is being administered. MAJ Bates was grounded in December 1999 and then was faced with the prospect of a court-martial and up to five years imprisonment for refusing to take the anthrax vaccine. At the time Sonnie Bates was the highest-ranking American officer who faced a court-martial for refusing the AVIP, but he was certainly not the first to face discipline over the AVIP. MAJ Bates received a general discharge and $3,200 fine rather than take the anthrax vaccine. In the Air Force alone, more than 100 reserve pilots have resigned their commissions rather than be subject to the AVIP, and the number is growing. According to a 11 October 2000 report from the General Accounting Office (GAO), the investigation arm of Congress, since September 1988 an estimated 25% of the pilots and air crews of the Air Guard and Reserve have moved to inactive status or left the military with another 18% indicating that they will leave within the next 6 months. The AVIP was cited as the most important factor in their decision to leave.