April 24 (Bloomberg) -- For British rats, the worst of times has turned out to be the best of times.
The vermin more associated with the Dickensian era than modern Britain are thriving, with shuttered shops and half-built housing sites to live in, rotting piles of uncollected garbage for dinner and fewer exterminators sent out to kill them.
âSometimes I drive into the car park and there are at least 20 of them in the bins,â said Paul Hood, 46, a north London resident. âYou see them running away in the headlights. During the day, they just sit in the bushes sunbathing.â
As the biggest economic bust in 60 years fostered a boom for rodents, municipalities were called an estimated 700,000 times to deal with infestations in the last 12 months, compared with 650,000 the previous year, said Peter Crowden, chairman of National Pest Technicians Association Ltd.
The rat population has swollen by 13 percent this year to more than 50 million, one for every person living in England, according to an industry consensus cited by Crowden. Rats and mice are capable of spreading more than 35 diseases, including a fever inducing nausea and muscle aches passed to humans either via a bite or the rodentâs urine.
âThe government needs to look at this,â Crowden said. âBudgets are being cut. If they donât do something, itâs going to be a serious public-health risk.â
The economy is expected to shrink 3.5 percent this year, Chancellor of the Exchequer Alistair Darling told parliament in his budget speech this week.
The housing market slump has starved local authorities of property development and planning fees that they used to fund services like waste removal.
Weekly collections at 12.5 million British homes fell 7.1 percent in the last three months of 2008 from a year earlier, according to government data compiler WasteDataFlow. Those providing services on a biweekly basis increased 32 percent.
âThey jump out of the bins,â said Jason Goodright, 36, a neighbor of Hood at Larch Close in north London. âPeople are frightened and just throw rubbish from a distance onto the ground, making the situation worse.â
U.K. councils, which have a total income of 106 billion pounds ($157 billion), face a deficit of up to 7 billion pounds this year because of the decline in building work, according to property consultants EC Harris LLP.
A London-based spokesman for the Local Government Association, or LGA, which represents English and Welsh municipalities, declined to comment.
The recession is also leading to more empty stores and unfinished homes across Britain as businesses collapse. More than four out of five councils are currently reporting an increase in empty properties, according to the LGA.
A record 15 percent of British stores will be vacant by the end of 2009 as 1,600 retailers go out of business, according to the worldâs biggest credit-checking company, Experian Plc.
âWherever there are empty properties, thereâs a problem,â said Kevin Higgins, a spokesman for the trade group British Pest Control Association. âItâs not just rodents, itâs cockroaches as well. Itâll have a big effect as time goes on.â
And itâs not just affecting vacated buildings. Gurinder Sahni, director of Master Traders Ltd., which exports ethnic food to mainland Europe from London, said heâs lost about 500 pounds worth of goods, including almonds, fruit juice and even palm oil to rats during the past year.
âThey come in at night and just eat everything,â said Sahni. âThereâs no favorite. Theyâll eat anything.â
Enquiries from homeowners are rising at Rentokil Initial Plc, the worldâs biggest rat-catcher, said Savvas Othon, whoâs in charge of developing the companyâs new pest-control techniques in the U.K. Rentokilâs products include pasta-based and chocolate-scented rat baits as well as traps set off when a rodent breaks an infrared beam.
As the downturn bites, consumers and businesses are looking for ways to cut exterminator costs, including trying home-grown solutions, not always successfully.
âWeâre coming across people putting down improvised traps and over-the-counter products and finding theyâre not getting success,â said Jim England, head of London-based Protex Pest Control Ltd. âInevitably, they end up having to get us in. It costs them more in the end.â
Hood in north London relies on his two smooth-coat Jack Russell terriers to get the job done.
âThey catch one every other day,â he said. âThey kill more than the pest controller,â he said.
The most common complaint to councils involves the brown, or Norwegian, rat, according to the National Pest Technicians Association, which is based in Kinoulton, England. The brown rat can breed throughout the year, with a female producing up to five litters during that period of as many as a dozen babies.
Damage to infrastructure caused by rats, which can harm buildings by burrowing underneath their foundations, costs the U.K. economy as much as 209 million pounds a year, according to the Chartered Institute of Environment Health.
âIf we arenât careful, the recession will play into the hands of both rats and mice,â Crowden said.
The Norwegian rat, bastard