UBS trader Kweku Adoboli 'gambled away' £1.4bn
Kweku Adoboli denies charges of false accounting and fraud
A City trader "gambled away" £1.4bn ($2.3bn) of his firm's money and caused "chaos and disaster", a jury has heard.
Kweku Adoboli, 32, of Whitechapel, east London, exceeded his trading limits at UBS in a bid to get a bigger bonus and boost his ego, the court was told.
He denies two charges each of false accounting and fraud between October 2008 and last September.
His actions saw the Swiss bank's share price fall 10%, around £2.8bn ($4.5bn), and also threatened their existence.
Opening its case, the prosecution said Kweku Adoboli exceeded his trading limits and invented fictitious deals to cover his tracks.
Sasha Wass QC said the trader "did all of this by exceeding his trading limits, by inventing fictitious deals to conceal this, and then he lied to his bosses".
She added: "This colossal loss arose purely as a result of Mr Adoboli's fraudulent deal making, which amounted, as you will see, to nothing more than gambling."
He faked bookings, he created false accounts and conducted himself as a master fraudster”
Ms Wass said that on 14 September Mr Adoboli left his office saying he had a doctor's appointment. Later that day he emailed his employers admitting his deceit and he was arrested the next day.
Mr Adoboli had been working as a senior trader at UBS's global synthetic equities branch, buying and selling exchange traded funds, which track different types of stocks, bonds or commodities such as metals.
Ms Wass said Mr Adoboli had been "sucked into the gambler's mindset" and "started throwing good money after bad".
The prosecutor said the trading loss was enough to pay a year's salary for nearly 70,000 new nurses, or two Wembley stadiums or six new hospitals.
Ms Wass said Mr Adoboli had "fraudulently side-stepped" the bank's rules that banned high risk and unauthorised investments.
"Mr Adoboli had ceased to act as a professional investment banker and had begun to approach his work as a naked gambler. He had become what is sometimes referred to as a rogue trader," she said.
But the prosecutor said the defendant had gone beyond the behaviour of a "mere rogue trader", faking records over a two and a half year period.
'Out of control'
She said: "He faked bookings, he created false accounts and conducted himself as a master fraudster, deliberately and systematically deceiving and defrauding the bank which was employing him."
It is claimed that Mr Adoboli made false entries to make it seem as if the money he was gambling had been balanced by money coming into the bank.
The prosecutor said the defendant had been trusted by his colleagues who would have had no reason to suspect what he had done, and the bank was the "victim" of his fraud.
"The bank ought not to be unduly criticised for trusting him. They respected him and he abused their trust to cheat them for his own eventual gain," she said.
Concluding her opening, Ms Wass said Mr Adoboli "was a gamble or two from destroying Switzerland's largest bank for his own benefit".
"In effect Mr Adoboli was betting the entire bank on the toss of a coin. He was a greedy banker out of control and out for himself," she said.
The trial was adjourned until Monday.