Romney: Obama, Allies Perpetuating Lies in Ads
Mitt Romney on Thursday accused President Barack Obama and his allies of launching personal attacks and perpetuating lies about him in TV ads. The Republican also rolled out a new commercial of his own that questioned Obama's values and accused the president of waging war on religious freedom.
Obama's campaign disputed that charge.
"I am seeing some of the ads out there. I don't know whatever happened to a campaign of hope and change," Romney said, alluding to Obama's previous campaign slogan, during an interview on Bill Bennett's radio program, "Morning in America." ''I thought he was a new kind of politician. But instead, his campaign and the people working with him have focused almost exclusively on personal attacks ... It's really disappointing."
In the interview, Romney argued that Obama "keeps on just running" ads that various fact-checking organizations have called inaccurate. "They just blast ahead," he said, instead of pulling the ads off the air. But the candidate ignored the fact that he has kept his own ads assailing Obama on the air after these groups have found their claims to be false.
Romney talked generally about ads in the interview but didn't directly refer to a commercial by a Democratic outside group that has dominated the campaign in the last two days.
His campaign has called "despicable" an ad by Priorities USA Action that features a man whose wife died of cancer after he lost his health insurance when he was laid off from a company that was bought by the private equity firm Romney once ran. "I do not think Mitt Romney realizes what he's done to anyone, and furthermore I do not think Mitt Romney is concerned," the man, Joe Soptic, says in the ad.
Obama's campaign has refused to ask the group to pull the spot, and a co-founder of the group has defended the ad.
The back and forth over the commercial underscored the degree to which the White House campaign has become intensely negative and personal as polls show the race close three months before the Nov. 6 election. Negative commercials from both the candidates and their backers are flooding the roughly nine states that are the most competitive in the hunt to win the 270 Electoral College votes needed for victory.
As controversy raged over the outside group's commercial, Romney's team rolled out one of its own Thursday that asks: "Who shares your values?"
It continues: "President Obama used his health care plan to declare war on religion, forcing religious institutions to go against their faith."
The spot revives a months-old debate over new health rules mandating insurance coverage for birth control without co-pays, which the ad says forces religious institutions to "go against their faith." Obama says exemptions for churches and compromise language on charities fully protects religious freedom.
"When religious freedom is threatened, who do you want to stand with?" the ad asks and says the answer is Romney...
Mitt Romney has said he will release and make public a total of two years of income tax returns. It looks as if the Obama-ites will have a collective fit if he doesn’t release more. I say let’em.
Politics – as in other parts of life – allows us to have an excuse for doing what we could not otherwise get away with.
Just as sn adult watching movies every day during daylight hours would be frowned upon … unless they were a movie critic, or a middle aged man poring over reams of pornographic material would be ostracized … except he is a judge trying a case about that subject matter, a political race allows us, as “concerned citizens,” to consume information about what a candidate did with his lunch money in junior high, as well as who his wife dated when she was a teen-ager.
But as far as perennial guilty political pleasures go, none has achieved a greater and more predictable status than reviewing the tax return.
The “Fair Share” Game
Politicians, especially those who have spent their adult life on a government salary, demand that their opponents disgorge their financial records and returns, preferably going back as far as that first suspect lemonade stand. The press invariably joins in the hounding. They demand to know, for example, how much the candidate gave away to charitable organizations. Giving to strangers, you see, rather than giving generously without the advantage of a tax write-off to loved ones in need or other individuals who may need assistance, reveals the size of one’s heart (unless you are Joe Biden).
But, mainly, the demand is made because candidates (rich ones especially) need to demonstrate that they have paid their “fair share” in taxes. What is a “fair share?” Never mind. That’s for the press corps and the opposition to decide. A person could have paid more in taxes than a gymnasium full of his detractors and it still would not be enough if he has made “too much” money in comparison to his tax bill. Also, never mind that unlike the common criminal, the burden is placed on the candidate to prove his innocence.
A tax return can reveal that a tax payer (slightly over 50% of Americans, nowadays) has followed the law, paid all required taxes, and has done nothing improper or that his worse critics wouldn’t have done.. And yet, in skilled hands, that tax return can be used as a hammer with which to beat a candidate over the head.
Often times, the more successful a person has been the longer and more complicated his or her tax return will be. It is, therefore, that much more target rich for the opposition. The thought of the selective and misleading use of a “rich guy’s” tax return makes the political ad man’s mouth water.
The 30-Second Ad
A small example: There is a provision in the tax law that allows a business owner, large or small, to set up a retirement account and not pay taxes on income that goes into that account until the money is drawn out, possibly years later. You must include and set aside money for your employees, too, although you can have as few as one employee . This deferral of taxes on the retirement contribution, of course, makes your taxable income less. This in turn lowers the current percentage of taxes paid on gross income.
In everyday life, such retirement accounts are considered sound and responsible. In the political world, such retirement planning is tailor-made for the 30-second unscrupulous ad.
The Democrats know this, and so does Mitt Romney, one reason why he and his campaign are standing strong against releasing more than they have.
Tell Them To Go Fly A Kite
But if you thought that the Dems just wanted to have issue of the non-release of the additional returns, I think you’re wrong. They also want the tax returns. To their way of thinking, the best outcome is a long, drawn out fight over release of the returns, with enough media pressue to force Romney to release them. That would made him look weak and they would still be able to go to work on his returns.
I’ve been encouraged by the strong stand he’s taken. I know that others who have his best interest at heart have advised him to succumb, while others have said he must have something to hide. I disagree with both notions.
Based on what I thought was appropriate at the time I have released my share of tax returns when running for office, and while I might have advised him differently a year ago, now I say go all in. I would not give one inch to an outfit that accuses me of killing a worker’s wife. Tell them to go fly a kite. Tell them that when Obama releases his grades and Harry Reid releases his tax returns you might consider it. Have some fun. Talk about the fragile future of this country and it’s role in the world, and let Harry and the boys talk about anonymous sources and tax returns.
Mitt may take some flack but he will anyway no matter what he does. This year especially it’s the rich man’s burden. Embrace it and go on. There are bigger problems that a candidate could have. Like having led this country to the brink of second-rate status.
Reid, The Senate’s Poster Boy
Besides, the Romney campaign has been the recipient of a major stroke of luck in the form of Harry Reid. He is a classic example of the Peter Principle. I came of political age during the time of Sen. Howard Baker, Robert Byrd and George Mitchell. I served under the leadership of Bob Dole and Tom Daschle. When Reid was elevated to the position of Senate Majority Leader he achieved the level of his own incompetence. He has no concept of the responsibility that the position carries. He uses the Senate floor to slander opponents and degrade the Senate. Those who wonder why the Senate has become so acrimonious and partisan need look no further. The Senate Democrats have presented us with a poster boy for the problem. And he is now the face of the Romney “tax return” issue.
The broader point here is that Reid and the tax return issue are simply a small part of a campaign of demagoguery and division by a party and president desperately trying to change the subject from the issues that will determine our fate as a nation.
Federal Spending: Killing the Economy with Government Stimulus
by Doug Bandow
President Barack Obama's presidency hangs in the balance after another disappointing employment report. He continues to advocate new government "stimulus" programs to boost his reelection campaign. However, Washington is awash in government "stimulus," without effect. Only productive private investment will spark economic revival.
When both financial and economic crises hit, President George W. Bush backed a $170 billion "stimulus" bill and then massive industry bail-outs—of banks, Wall Street, automakers, and the housing industry. President Obama accelerated the latter efforts while adding his own $825 billion American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in early 2009. Several smaller "stimulus" efforts costing well over $100 billion followed.
As a result, federal outlays and debts exploded. In 2008 federal red ink was "only" $479 billion. Since then Uncle Sam's annual deficit has exceeded a trillion dollars. In addition, the Federal Reserve launched a massive "stimulus" campaign—costly bail-outs and mortgage purchases, near zero interest rates, and two rounds of "quantitative easing." Economist Joseph Stiglitz noted earlier this year that "Beginning in 2008, the balance sheet of the Fed doubled and then rose to three times its earlier level."
None of these efforts have spurred economic growth. In fact, unemployment soared, hitting ten percent. The jobless rate is still over eight percent despite administration promises that it would fall below six percent by last April.
Some "stimulus" advocates blame state and local spending which, they claimed, fell. However, Edward Lazear, former chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers, pointed out that while real government spending was down a little in 2010 over 2009, GDP growth rates were higher. Outlays were up in 2011 while GDP growth dropped. Lazear added: "The White House forecasts that government spending in 2012 will exceed 2011 levels by 5 percent and will be 27 percent higher than it was in 2008."
If government could spend America to prosperity, good times would have arrived long ago. Yet President Obama won't stop. Last year he proposed another "jobs" initiative, the $447 billion "American Jobs Act" grab-bag, which included subsidies for state and local governments. Literally millions of jobs, most of them in or for government, would be created, he claimed, by Washington borrowing more money America doesn't have for government projects America can't afford.
In July the New York Times published an unintentionally hilarious editorial contending that "Mr. Obama's big mistake was to turn prematurely from the need for stimulus to a focus on cutting the budget."
The Times apparently missed the $1.2 trillion deficit the administration will run this year. Or the president's future budget submission: the Congressional Budget Office estimated that the president's program would raise accumulated red ink over the next decade from $3 trillion to an astonishing $6.4 trillion. Where is the radical budget-cutting in Washington.
A similar debate is occurring in Europe, with the contest presented as "austerity" versus "growth." Yet many of the nations which practiced austerity have grown the fastest. Germany remains the continent's powerhouse even though its post-2008 stimulus was far less relative to its GDP than in the U.S. and other European states. Both Germany and Sweden enjoyed strong growth as they brought their budgets into closer balance.
My Cato Institute colleague Michael Tanner also pointed to the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. All cut government outlays; all are growing. Canada and Switzerland similarly rejected profligacy as policy. He wrote: "All these countries are following the successful examples set by other nations such as Chile, Ireland, and New Zealand in the 1980s and '90s, and Slovakia from 2000 to 2003."
In contrast, Portugal's Finance Minister, Vitor Gaspar, warned the New York Times: "My country definitely provides a cautionary tale that shows that, in some instances, short-run expansionary policies can be counterproductive." He added: "There are some limitations to the intuitions from Keynes." In fact, Portugal may be headed for a second European Union bail-out.
Economic growth requires good spending, not more spending. After all, Washington could pay every American $10,000 to dig a hole in his or her neighbor's yard and then another $10,000 to fill it in. It would be a ludicrous policy, yet Keynes argued that the unemployed would be better off if paid by the government to "dig holes in the ground."
Most jobs bills are little different than paying people to dig holes. Politics, not economics, dominates. University of Chicago economist Raghuram Rajan admitted "When people say austerity is not the answer, fine, if you have great things to spend on, let us know what they are." The ARRA ignited a lobbying frenzy, turning the measure into a Christmas tree for legislators to hang long desired projects and favored social spending. By one estimate the bill "created" jobs at an average cost of $278,000. The cost of some individual jobs exceeded a million dollars each.
Tom Evslin, who coordinated Vermont's federal "stimulus" money, concluded that "much of the money ended up continuing bloated programs rather than providing a transition to a sustainable future." He pointed to broadband and energy programs, where private investment "dried up as companies waited to see if they could build with taxpayer money. Entrepreneurial effort turned from innovation to grant-grabbing." Last September the New York Times reported that critics "say the money has gone to areas where it is not needed, to promote broadband where it already exists and for industrial parks designed to attract business and jobs that may never materialize."
The heart of the case for government spending as stimulus is the fabled Keynesian "multiplier." John Maynard Keynes claimed that after government spent a dollar others would spend it again and again, "multiplying" the economic effect. Pay me $20,000 to dig and fill two holes, and I will buy things. In turn, my sellers will buy things. And on it will go.
It is a dubious theory. First, it costs government money to tax and spend. Observed Harvard economist Robert Barro, "it is wrong now to think that added government spending is free."
Second, the theory presumes that government will use the resources productively. Explained Barro: The argument "implicitly assumes that the government is better than the private market at marshaling idle resources to produce useful stuff. Unemployed labor and capital can be utilized at essentially zero social cost, but the private market is somehow unable to figure any of this out." Economist Dwight Lee made a similar point: "increased real aggregate demand is the result, not the cause, of an increasingly productive and prosperous economy."
Nor is there compelling evidence of a large positive multiplier. Economists John Cogan and John Taylor reviewed the ARRA and concluded: "despite the large size of the program, the dollar volume of additional government purchases that it has generated has been negligible." Their earlier research debunked federal attempts to stimulate the economy during the 1970s: government stimulus programs "did not work then and they are not working now." Also criticizing the ARRA was a recent study from the Phoenix Center, which noted: "We are now several years on, and many economists and policymakers are beginning to doubt the ability of government spending and monetary policy to effectively correct our current employment problems."
Robert Barro reviewed the experience of World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, and came up with a multiplier of 0.8, which means that government outlays actually "lowered components of GDP aside from military purchases." He and Charles Redlick figured that military spending generated a multiplier greater than one only with very high levels of unemployment, well above current levels.
In extending his analysis to peacetime, Barro reported as multiplier "a number insignificantly different from zero." Since the 1960s government spending has been tied to the business cycle; he and Redlick believed "that government spending increased in response to growing GDP, rather than the reverse." He figured that roughly $900 billion in federal "stimulus" spending from ARRA probably resulted in only $600 billion in increased growth, a bad deal by any measure. He and Redlick concluded: "spending stimulus programs will likely raise GDP by less than the increase in government spending."
Federal Spending: Killing the Economy with Government Stimulus
by Doug Bandow, cont'd
A 2009 IMF study of economic research suggested a multiplier in the range of 0.3 to 1.8, with some variation based on country size. In a paper for the National Bureau of Economic Research, Valerie Ramey of the University of California (San Diego) reviewed the economic literature, which suggested that the multiplier probably was between .8 and 1.5, and almost certainly was between .5 and 2.0.
However, she personally reached far more negative findings: "For the most part, it appears that a rise in government spending does not stimulate private spending; most estimates suggest that it significantly lowers private spending. These results imply that the government spending multiplier is below unity. Adjusting the implied multiplier for increases in tax rates has only a small effect. The results imply a multiplier on total GDP of around 0.5."
Similar was the result of a 2011 study from the Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal & Economic Public Policy Studies. The four authors found: "government spending has zero effect on private-sector job creation. This result is consistent with the apparent impotence of huge federal government spending increases in recent times aimed at reducing unemployment."
Historical experience argues against government's ability to "stimulate" the economy. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected president during the Great Depression. He spent wildly and the economy recovered a bit, only to sink again. In 1939 Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau complained that "After eight years of this administration we have just as much unemployment as when we started ... and an enormous debt to boot!"
In fact, UCLA economists Harold L. Cole and Lee E. Ohanian blamed the New Deal for prolonging the Great Depression by seven years. Cole explained that Roosevelt produced a program "allowing businesses in every industry to collude without the threat of antitrust prosecution and workers to demand salaries about 25 percent above where they ought to have been, given market forces. The economy was poised for a beautiful recovery, but that recovery was stalled by these misguided policies." Argued Cole: "the recovery would have been very rapid had the government not intervened." Ohanian believed that "a relapse isn't likely unless lawmakers gum up a recovery with ill-conceived stimulus policies." But that's just what the president is trying to do.
Moreover, contrary to myth, World War II did not end the Depression. As economist Robert Higgs has well-documented, war-time prosperity was an illusion, with non-government GDP growth slowing. "During the war years the economy operated essentially as a command economy," he wrote, with few "normal measures of macroeconomic performance." After all, the government conscripted 16 million men into uniform and directed much of America's economic activity into war production. There was little change in total national wealth. Arthur Herman, a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, pointed out that "Even with rising wages, they had to put up with rationing and very limited choice in consumer goods."
Ironically, it was the end of this wartime "stimulus spending"—which Herman figured at $3 trillion in today's dollars—which led to economic growth. At the time people feared that Washington slashing arms production and demobilizing military personnel would lead to another depression. However, he observed, "private investment came roaring back, triggering steady economic growth that pushed the U.S. into a new ear, as the most prosperous society in history." Added Herman, "the biggest trigger to growth turns out to have been a sharp rise in private capital investment, which the New Deal had slowed."
Why is that? One reason, contended Cole and Ohanian, is that over time "the large gap between manufacturing wages and productivity that emerged during the New Deal had nearly been eliminated." Another factor was the cut in marginal income tax rates, which topped out at 94 percent.
Moreover, Higgs cited the end of "regime uncertainty" characterized by the Roosevelt administration's early attacks on business, which resulted in "a pervasive uncertainty among investors about the security of their property rights in their capital and its prospective returns." Confidence returned after the war. Explained Higgs: "Sufficiently sanguine for the first time since 1929, and finally freed from government restraints on private investment for civilian purposes, investors set in motion the postwar investment boom that powered the economy's return to sustained prosperity notwithstanding the drastic reduction of federal government spending from its extraordinarily elevated war-time levels." Reducing outlays is critical to return to prosperity.
Alas, the only thing that government "stimulus" stimulates is government. Valerie Ramey observed: "Increases in government spending do reduce unemployment. For all but one specification, though, it appears that all of the employment increase is from an increase in government employment, not private employment."
Indeed, the primary beneficiaries of government "stimulus" programs are in the nation's capital. The Washington Post headlined one article: "Stimulus is Boon for D.C. Area Contractors. The Wall Street Journal titled a story: "Washington Firms Soak Up Stimulus."
Finally, any attempt at "stimulus" leaves a long-term cost after any short-term benefits have long dissipated. Observed Barro: "fiscal deficits have only a short-run expansionary impact on growth and then become negative." Thus, constantly increasing deficits result in "persistently low economic growth and an exploding ratio of public debt to GDP."
For this reason even the Congressional Budget Office was skeptical of the ARRA. Over time the agency steadily reduced its estimate as to the number of jobs created and warned that the benefits were temporary. The CBO figured that the president's program would increase GDP through 2012, but there would be no effect in 2013 and 2014 and then the impact would be negative. Last November the agency concluded that ARRA's impact peaked in 2010, while the accumulated debt would "reduce output slightly in the long run—by between 0 and 0.2 percent after 2016."
That is, diverting productive capital to pay off government debt will permanently reduce the GDP. Workers will earn less while paying more to finance a larger debt. Warned CBO: "Budget deficits that grow faster than the economy ultimately become unsustainable. As the government attempts to finance its interest payments by issuing more debt, the rise in deficits accelerates. That, in turn, leads to a vicious circle in which the government issues ever-larger amounts of debt in order to pay ever-higher interest charges. In the end, the costs of serving the debt outstrip the economic resources available for financing those expenditures."
The economy could use a real stimulus, not massive government spending. The primary economic challenge is too much government spending. Rajan argued for treating "the crisis as a wake-up call and move to fix all that has been papered over in the last few decades." According to a recent IMF review of 66 adjustments programs, structural reforms were most likely to succeed. The best programs included real budget reductions and were not based on raising taxes.
Economists Kenneth Rogoff of Harvard University and Carmen Reinhart of the Peterson Institute figured that when debt approaches 90 percent of GDP growth tends to slow. Noted columnist Robert Samuelson: "Since 1800, major countries have experienced 26 episodes when government debt has reached 90 percent of GDP for at least five years, they find in a study done with Vincent Reinhart of Morgan Stanley. Periods of slower economic growth typically lasted two decades." Counting Treasury-Social Security borrowing, the U.S. already is over 100 percent.
Thus, argued independent investor Jeff Carter: "In the long term cutting government spending is good for economic growth. Competition for growth capital between private industry and government ends. Government gets out of the business of running things and private industry takes over. Private companies are always more efficient and responsive than government."
There is much that should go into a comprehensive economic reform program. Suggested Harold Cole and Lee Ohanian: "reforms should include very specific plans that update banking regulations and address a manufacturing sector in which several large industries—including autos and steel—are no longer internationally competitive. Tax reform that broadens rather than narrows the tax base and that increases incentives to work, save and invest is also needed. We must also confront an educational system that fails many of its constituents."
The point is not that every regulation is bad, but even those which are not nevertheless often are badly designed, implemented, and/or enforced. Unfortunately, with ObamaCare as his administration's centerpiece, President Obama has become the Regulatory President. Yet, emphasized Robert Barro, the economy needs "incentives for people and businesses to invest, produce and work."
President Barack Obama would prefer to talk about anything other than the economy. However, he ran on the economy in 2008. He can't run away from it in 2012. The best way to stimulate the economy would be to shrink government, reduce outlays and debt, lower marginal tax rates, and streamline regulations. This economic "stimulus" program really would stimulate.
Have you seen the latest jobs report? Major buzzkill: creeping unemployment, anemic growth, and the recovery's totally stalled.
But not here: The District is booming! "Washington may have the healthiest economy of any major metropolitan area in the country," says New York Times D.C. bureau chief David Leonhardt in Sunday's Gray Lady. "You can actually see the prosperity"!
Yes we can! Construction cranes dominate the downtown skyline, and your average homeless guy can barely grab a stretch of sidewalk before yet another boutique store pops up to bounce his bedroll.
True, if you venture outside the Death Star's orbit to visit the colonies for Thanksgiving or Christmas, you'll see a lot of boarded-up storefronts. You might even feel a twinge of shame when Matt Drudge feeds you headlines like "D.C. Leads List of Most Shopaholic Cities in America."
Whatever: Guilt is for losers! The main lesson the rest of the country should take from the capital's prosperity is, per Leonhardt, that "education matters."
D.C.'s "high-skill" economy boasts more college degrees than any other major metropolitan area in America. "If you wanted to imagine what the economy might look like if the country were much better educated," Leonhardt writes, "you can look at Washington."
Hey, you people out there in flyover country: We're eating your lunch because we're "smarter" than you! Hit the books, rubes: We built this!
Even so, I found it a bit unsettling last fall to read that "Beltway Earnings Make U.S. Capital Richer Than Silicon Valley," as the Bloomberg News headline put it. After all, Silicon Valley "creates" wealth, while we — smart as we are — mostly shuffle it around.
Key factors identified in the Bloomberg report include massive defense contracts, "federal employees whose compensation averages more than $126,000," "the nation's greatest concentration of lawyers," and record-high lobbying expenditures. "Wall Street has moved to K Street," comments Barbara Lang, head of the DC Chamber of Commerce.
The District is "not exactly the nation's entrepreneurial capital," the Washington Post's Steven Pearlstein observes. "Other than goods and services sold to government, only 12 percent of the region's output is sold to people and businesses outside the region, a number that has fallen in recent years."
To be fair, Leonhardt acknowledges that some of the District's prosperity comes from leeching off "economic value created by someone else." But what Leonhardt concedes in one paragraph, he takes away in the next: One of the main reasons "Washington's good times are not all — or even mostly — about rent-seeking," he argues, is that D.C. gobbled up "more stimulus dollars per capita than any state." Come again?
D.C.'s boomtimes show that "a Keynesian response to an economic crisis really can make a difference," Leonhardt insists. Yes, and if everyone got more than their fair share of the fixed pie of federal boodle, then all the municipalities could be above average.
Leonhardt has a point about the economic value of education. But it's one thing to use brainpower to build new products. and another thing entirely when it's employed to redistribute wealth that other smart people have created. D.C.'s burgeoning Mensa Mecca is built on the latter impulse: Take me down to Parasite City, where the kids are smart and the girls are pretty.
Amtrak takes me home a couple of times a year along the Northeast Corridor, and I'm always puzzled by that big sign that shows up just outside New Jersey's capital: "Trenton Makes, the World Takes." Makes what, exactly?
But I'd support putting up a similar sign over the approach to Washington's Union Station: "The Country Makes, D.C. Takes." We could probably get stimulus dollars for that.